Elizabeth II And Elizabeth I Apparently Share Much More Than Just a Name And a Title
After almost 70 years on the throne, there are not that many people alive today who can remember another British monarch on the throne. However, Queen Elizabeth II was once just a princess, and she used her name normally. When she took the throne after her father’s passing, she changed it to use her regnal name.
A regnal name has someone’s first name and a Roman numeral to separate themselves from any other monarchs who might have had the same name. However, most people do not think about the first Queen Elizabeth, and these two are related to one another. Here, we present the details of this relationship.
1. Introducing Queen Elizabeth I
As the Roman numeral indicates, she was the first queen in England with the name Elizabeth, and before her descendant, she was one of the longest-ruling monarchs in the country. She was on the throne from 1558 to 1603, and that is a whopping 44 years. Elizabeth I was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn, so she was born a princess.
However, she was later professed as illegitimate because of “political machinations” according to Biography. However, when her half-sister Mary Tudor died, she had to step up and become queen. Everyone calls her reign “the Golden Age” or “Elizabethan England”, and it was a harmonious time for the people of the country in terms of arts.
According to Royal Central, we now use the Roman numeral “I” to refer to the monarch, but back then, the Queen did not use that nomenclature for her name. She was referred to as Elizabeth of England. Once Queen Elizabeth II took the throne in 1953, historians had to add the numeral to avoid further confusion for future generations.
2. How they are related?
Most people think they are almost directed linked, but that is not the case. Queen Elizabeth I had no children, so her death marked the end of the House of Tudor, the family that had governed over England since the 1400s. Queen Elizabeth II is not her direct heir, but they are related by blood, though a separate branch.
Elizabeth II is the daughter of King Henry VIII, and Queen Elizabeth I was the granddaughter of King Henry VII, and the current monarch is also related to Henry VII because Margaret, his daughter, joined the House of Stuart in Scotland through marriage. Therefore, when Queen Elizabeth I died, Margaret’s great-grandson James VI of Scotland took the throne.
He was better known as King James I of England. This means that the crown went from the Tudors to the Stuarts, and then it was given to the Hanovers, who founded the house of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which is known now as the House of Windsor, the current rulers of the United Kingdom. Family lines are always confusing.
3. Did they have a common ancestor then?
This particular family tree and the line of succession is complex in many ways, especially when they pass from one house to another. That might be where most of the readers could have gotten mixed up, so let’s clear things up. To use other words, Queen Elizabeth II is related to Queen Elizabeth I through a mutual ancestor, King Henry VII. This means that Queen Elizabeth II is Elizabeth I’s first cousin, 13 times or 14 times once removed. Here is Queen Elizabeth I descent from Henry VII:
- Henry VII
- Henry VIII
- Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth II has a much more complicated ancestor’s list, but the following outlines how she descended from Henry VII and her relation to Elizabeth I:
- Henry VII
- Margaret Tudor
- James V, King of Scots
- Mary I, Queen of Scots
- James VI and I (descended from Margaret Tudor on his father’s side)
- Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia
- Sophia of Hanover
- George I
- George II
- George III
- Edward, Duke of Kent
- Edward VII
- George V
- George VI
- Elizabeth II
4. Why does Elizabeth II use her regnal name?
They are distantly related, but the current Queen did not choose her name based on familial relations. According to Royal Central, most royals in the United Kingdom have taken to using the name given to them at baptism as their regnal name. The only three exceptions are Queen Victoria who was actually born as Alexandrina Victoria, while King Edward VII was originally Albert Edward.
Furthermore, King George VI was born Albert Frederick Arthur George. In 1953, Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary took the throne, and when she was asked about her regnal name, she answered with, “My own of course — what else?” However, it is speculated that Prince Charles might take another regnal name when his time comes because of the negative associations with earlier King with that name.
5. Why was Elizabeth I known as “the Virgin Queen”?
As mentioned earlier, Elizabeth I never had children because she never married and remained a virgin all her life. This creates a cult to the symbol of virginity. In paintings and sonnets, she would be seen as a goddess, someone elevated from the normal standard of a monarch. Some people also called her Gloriana, from the poem The Faerie Queene written by Edmund Spenser.
She was also represented in the poem Good Queen Bess. As she got older, artists started making her look like the Greek virgin goddess Astraea, and the paintings depicting kept getting more unrealistic with the passing of time, portraying her as eternally youthful. This was completely opposite to her actual looks because she had suffered from smallpox in 1562, which left her with horrible scars and half her hair was gone.
What did you think of the blood relation between Elizabeth I and Elizabeth II? The story of the House of Tudor is horrible and was depicted in the popular show The Tudors. We would like to know your opinion, so leave a comment down below and share this article with all your friends who cannot get enough of history.
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