Inside Peaky Blinders: Inspiration and On-Set Details
The story of Peaky Blinders pictures the life of an English gang family living between the two world wars. The show is so captivating and stylish, it has a lot of celebrity fans who desperately want to get a role next to Cillian Murphy. Find out what happened behind the scenes of the hit Birmingham-based crime drama!
The inspiration behind the series
The dark world of “Peaky Blinders” looks authentic partially because some aspects of this highly-praised series are based on a true story. Yes, since the series’ premiere in 2013 we all know that it is loosely based on the 1920’s real-life Peaky Blinders gang from Birmingham. But what does it mean exactly, and where did the showrunner Steven Knight take his inspiration from?
It appears that the story behind the series roots in Knight’s childhood, and even go as far back as the childhood of his parents. In the book “By Order of the Peaky Blinders”, Steven reveals that his family was genuinely connected to the Birmingham’s most infamous bookmakers and gangsters.
As Knight’s father explained, when he was a lad his uncles and their associates were even known as the Peaky Blinders. Even though historians say that the real gang disappeared before the First World War in 1918, Steven is sure that the stories his father told him are true:
“I’ve consistently found books to be an unreliable source of information when it comes to working-class history. I trust word of mouth, true memories and, of course, newspaper and court reports.”
So young Steven grew up hearing stories about the Sheldons – the name of his paternal uncles – in what seemed to him like “the tales from another world”, as the showrunner puts it. And these stories about incredible but fearsome characters, resplendent in their peaked caps and shiny black boots, would go on to become the series we now know as Peaky Blinders.
The real Peaky Blinders
Even if show creator Steven Knight claims that his Brummie gangster family epic is based on events from post-World War One, academic research sees things in a somewhat different light. Historians date the real gang back to late Victorian times, with their heyday being the 1890s.
Much like petty street gangs throughout history, the members of these criminal groups were predominantly restless teenagers – meaning that they were much younger than the characters we see in the series. There were also more violent, more organised gangs emerging at that time, including the Brummagem Boys and The Birmingham Gang.
There is also a general assumption that the title “Peaky Blinders” actually became a generic term for all Birmingham gangs. But showrunner Steven Knights counters that the history of working-class people of that time (and even today) lacks proper accuracy as it wasn’t seen as worthy of proper documentation or analysis at the time.
So Steven takes the liberty to tell things the way he heard them from his parents – from the point of view of a wide-eyed boy, impressed by these immaculately dressed kings of the criminal world. As Knight told the BBC:
“In a way, I want Peaky Blinders to be [seen] through the eyes of a ten-year-old because the men are smarter and stronger and handsomer and the horses are bigger and everything is big and intimidating as a kid.”
The historical characters in Peaky Blinders
The powerful performance of the show’s cast certainly adds a lot to its immense popularity. But the show’s writers and producers manage to masterfully blur that line between fact and fiction, not only by creating some larger-than-life characters but by inserting some real historical figures into the storyline.
For example, Billy Kimber from the show's first season genuinely was the leader of an urban street gang. For several years, Kimber’s Birmingham Boys Gang was one of the most powerful in England. But the goings-on behind his character were very different from those that we see on the show.
In the world of Peaky Blinders, Kimble is shot dead at the end of season 1 but the real-life Billie lived relatively lengthy and prosperous life until his death in 1945. He finally succumbed to a prolonged illness and died at the age of 63, having gone straight and set himself up as a legitimate businessman.
Of course Winston Churchill was real, though we strongly doubt that the future Prime Minister of Britain was involved in the events depicted in the series. So what was the reason behind using the old British Bulldog in Peaky Blinders?
Steven Knight explained to the Observer that apart from playing an important role in warning Britain and the world about the encroaching dangers of fascism, Churchill also shared some similarities with the character of Thomas Shelby, namely their tenacity.
Reviled politician Oswald Mosley is another example of a figure from history who made his way into the world of the show. Inspired by Mussolini’s Italian National Fascist party, the one-time leader of the British Union of Fascists formed an organization with allegedly as many 40,000 members at its height, known as Blackshirts after their chosen uniform. Mosley tried to hold rallies all over Britain, often targeting working-class areas such as Birmingham – just like in Peaky Blinders.
And the character of trade union activist Jessie Eden is based on a real personality of the same name. But she would hardly have been involved with Tommy Shelby for a very obvious reason: there was no “real” Tommy!
The head of the Peaky Blinders is a work of fiction
The fact is that Steven Knight never planned to make a historically accurate series. Rather, he wanted to explore the psychological damage inflicted by war on young men. “They’ve returned (from the First World War) very damaged and they are violent as a result of their experiences.”
In a Reddit ‘Ask Me Anything’ session, Knight announced that Series 6 would see the appearance of a new historical figure “who may surprise people.” Fans were very much intrigued and there’s speculation that it might be infamous Chicago mob boss Al Capone or even Adolf Hitler.
However, the showrunner has denied he’s planning on “necessarily heading West” so Al’s appearance is hardly likely. But the idea of seeing Hitler on the show could be closer to historical fact rather than fiction, as the dictator actually attended Oswald Mosley’s wedding ceremony to second wife Diana Mitford as the guest of honour. But for now, all fans have are theories and wild speculation.
Casting decisions that shaped the show’s characters
Some of the actors tried way too hard to get into the series, while others claim they just got really lucky. But can you even imagine gang leader Tommy Shelby portrayed by anyone other than Cillian Murphy? It almost seems like the charismatic Irish actor was born for the role, but was he the casting team’s first choice?
Even though show creator Steven Knight has never confirmed it personally, it’s widely believed that the leading Shelby could well have been played by none other than... Jason Statham! Actually, Knight came up with the idea of “Peaky Blinders” about 25 years ago.
But he only put the idea into action after directing the movie “Hummingbird”, also known as “Redemption” which featured Statham in the lead role. While working on the characters of the show, Knight really wanted Statham for the main cast but the actor couldn’t commit to due to his busy schedule.
Anyway, it probably turned out best for the show as Statham isn’t all that good at accents outside of his classic East London dialect and a convincingly authentic Brummie accent played a crucial role in casting decisions for “Peaky Blinders”. So many great actors failed to get a role because of it! And, believe it or not, in the end it didn’t even matter! Read further to get more details.
Eleanor Tomlinson from the TV show Poldark recently revealed that she didn’t get a role on Peaky Blinders just because she couldn’t pull off a realistic Bordesley brogue.
“I auditioned for Peaky Blinders when it was first starting, but they said "You need to be able to do a Birmingham accent." I tried and they said "You just can’t do it, can you love?"
Natasha O’Keefe, who plays Lizzie Stark on the show, may have had no problems with the accent but the actress says that she got such a small part for the audition that she had no idea whether there was a future with Lizzie at all. Nonetheless, O’Keefe managed to make her way into the main cast and the role has brought her critical and audience acclaim.
Our main female protagonist is Polly Gray, portrayed by Helen McCrory. This amazing actress got some help from stage co-star Julie Walters when it came to recreating an early 20th-century Brummie accent. Though there was another celebrity we can thank for Aunt Pol’s articulation - Ozzy Osbourne! McCrory revealed she watched “endless” videos of the former Black Sabbath frontman and one of Birmingham’s favourite sons, just to master his accent.
And did you know that there’s a real-life blood connection between two of the cast of Peaky Blinders? Although they may not look related, Michael Gray and John Shelby are brothers in real life; portrayed by actors Finn and Joe Cole.
It was Joe who talked his younger brother Finn into recording a video of himself for the agent while Finn was still at college. The casting director loved the way the younger Cole really inhabited the character and things took off from there.
And while Finn had no intention to become an actor, he really enjoyed his first foray into the profession. And there’s another indirect Jason Statham connection on the cards for Finn as next year we’ll see Cole in Fast & Furious 9, alongside Vin Diesel and Michelle Rodriguez.
Another rising star amongst the cast is Sophie Rundle aka Ada Shelby. The actress had just finished drama school and Peaky Blinders was one of the first steps in her budding career. In order to impress everyone at the auditions, Rundle decided to dye her hair a bit darker by herself, but the results turned out to be a bit less impressive than she intended.
One day before the audition, Sophie found herself looking in the mirror at hair that had come out jet black with a distinguishing “I-did-it-myself” line across the forehead. “It looked like a Halloween wig and I was a vampire!” she recalls.
Behind the scenes details
Hair ended up being one of the most remarkable attributes in Peaky Blinders. Steven Knight says that the haircut was based on reality: the soldiers of the first world war had part of their heads shaved to avoid nits and other unpleasant parasites.
But Cillian Murphy has since revealed that he actually hates that iconic Tommy haircut, though he’s softened on it a bit over the years. Murphy was taken aback to see it as a trending cut amongst young men and fashionistas alike but that’s just one more sign of the show’s inarguable influence on mainstream culture.
The lifestyle of a gang family couldn’t have been showcased realistically without all the bad habits that go along with it, either. Cigarette smoke fills the set and each Peaky Blinder character clicks their lighter dozens of times during each episode.
Cillian Murphy explained that he thinks that the smoking on the show indicates some deeper level of stress and he also shared that he “stole” that idea for Tommy from “The Long Goodbye” with Elliott Gould. Being a non-smoker himself, Murphy also revealed that they don’t use real nicotine tobacco on set.
"I don’t smoke but people did smoke all day and night then. I use herbal rose things, they’re like my five a day! I asked the prop guys to count how many we use during a series and it’s 3000."
Being the leading male and female characters, Cillian Murphy and Helen McCrory are obviously on-screen frenemies. The actress explained how there’s no physical contact between Polly and Tommy at all because of all the tension the characters get from constantly assessing each other.
“Tommy once put his arm around Polly when she had a surprise birthday party and both of us burst out laughing afterwards,” McCrory said. “I remember thinking, ‘What are you doing? Get off!’”
However, despite the onscreen tension, the two really enjoy chatting with each other behind the scenes. “On set my best friend is Cillian. We’re always talking to each other about music. That man has an encyclopedic knowledge of very cool bands,” Helen shared.
Apart from mastering the accent perfectly, McCrory also took a very serious approach preparing for all other aspects of her role. In season four episodes when Polly was in a drug and booze-induced haze, the actress consulted US illusionist David Blaine about different mind tricks to use on set.
And as a part of her overall image, McCrory has a small gun hidden in her stockings and garter even when it can’t be seen or isn’t featured in the scene being filmed. This is the secret reason behind that distinctive walk, as she has a deadly weapon strapped to her leg at all times.
Despite the show seeming like a super thought-out story, with impeccable attention to small details from life in the 1920 and 1930s, we can’t ignore the fact that the soundtrack is incredibly modern and up-to-date. Nick Cave, The Black Keys, The White Stripes, The Arctic Monkeys, and Radiohead all released songs almost a century later after when the show is set but, honestly, most people like how the blend of old and new spices up the series and adds to the overall style.
Back to the question of language: almost all of the “Peaky Blinders” cast had to work on their accent. Cillian Murphy revealed he learned his Brummie accent on "quite a drunken Saturday" with Knight at the real Garrison pub.
Meanwhile, Sam Neil aka Major Chester Campbell sought help from James Nesbitt and Liam Neeson to help him master the thick Northern Irish accent of his character. But, ironically, all the accents actually had to be diluted a touch when the show was marketed to US audiences.
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And finally - maybe best thing at the #PeakyBlindersFestival was hangin’ wiv #PaulAnderson . One of the funniest people I know; hadn’t seen him for ages . How damn good is he in #PeakyBlinders ? The crowd just love him. Poor Arthur - so f*****d up , violent but heartbreakingly vulnerable too. “ War . What is it good for ? Absolutely nothing ...say it again “ . The very first scene I shot in #PeakyBlinders was me - Campbell - torturing Arthur in a dark damp basement . We began the way we were to continue. Thanks always to #SteveKnight for writing me a great grotesque .
Another thing that we find quite surprising is that the series did not use the help of any linguistic consultants. Pretty controversial move, isn’t it? Especially considering the fact that characters playing the role of gypsys spoke in broken Romanian instead of the more appropriate Romani.
But Cillian Murphy wouldn’t be all that good if he didn’t do whatever it took. It turns out Murphy spent some time with actual Romany gypsies residing in Birmingham in order to be as convincing as possible in the role of Romany descendant Tommy Shelby.
Visual language and hidden messages
So while the Peaky Blinders’ team didn’t focus too much on verbal language, they had another way of communicating that has proved very engaging for their most attentive fans. The show creators developed a visual language and atmosphere that subtly enhances the story without ever distracting you or taking you out of the show. Here’s a bit of mythology, swagger and symbolism that will make you want to rewatch the show.
First of all, it’s been confirmed that all of the visual references to hell are absolutely intentional. The directors and cinematographers often used flames to deliberately create a sense of hell as a consequence for the lifestyle of the Peaky Blinders. Appropriate, as Steven Knight never wanted to glamourize the violence and he tries to show the ugly aftermath of every violent action.
Do you remember the angelic-looking Grace, Tommy’s pure and elegant first wife? Season 5 brought her image back to us, not only through Tommy’s hallucinations but also in the motif of a swan. You can see pairs of white swans on the wall of the Garrison Tavern and also on its plaque, as well as in the fireplace of the back room. And, of course, the ballet performance at Tommy’s house was Swan Lake.
While Tommy’s spirit animal is almost certainly the horse - what about the rest of the Shelby clan? The show’s creators have suggested peacocks - symbolising glitz, glamour and danger.
Did you notice the peacocks and peacock feathers printed on the fabric of Ada’s house? How about the banquet tableware or vases in the backstage dressing rooms of Bingley Hall in season 5? Despite their beauty and vanity, peacocks have a sense of wild unpredictability and danger which kind of matches the Shelbys, right?
Another animal motif that spans the series is the standing bear on the stained glass windows of the Garrison Tavern which makes reference to the army regiment in which Tommy, Arthur and John belonged in WWI. Next to the bear, you can also find a rising sun with rays that symbolises the hope for a better life, offering a small hint of optimism even in the darkest of times.