The Chilling Adventures Of Sabrina: Myth References

The Chilling Adventures Of Sabrina has tons of myth references that inspired the creation of the Universe! Today we'll be telling you about the literary references in season 3 of this show.

Who is Caliban, the Prince of Hell? Why could Ms. Wardwell's madness be predicted? And which recipe of ideal hell did the creators of the Chilling Adventures of Sabrina prepare for us? Unfold the most surprising references together with us! 

1. Ms. Wardwell's madness

In the first episode of the new season, Sabrina's favorite teacher comes back. The real Ms. Wardwell was only shown to us in the first episode of the show, in which she simply didn't have enough time to open up as a character. 

This God-fearing, faithful woman does not understand what is going on with her body and turns to the only source she knows, books. Mary Wardwell studies Dante Alighieri's legendary poem The Divine Comedy, specifically its first part, Inferno, in which the writer explores his journey through the dark underworld.

This book turns out to be the prophecy of what's going to happen to Ms. Wardwell at the end of the season, and how mad she is going to get.

2. Destruction of the shrine

Well, at the beginning of season 3, the patriarchy is finally overthrown, Greendale witches do not worship Lucifer anymore, and pray to Lilit instead. Zelda decides that the destruction of the statue of Satan in the Academy of Unseen Arts should become the symbol of its rebirth. And that would've been ok; however, this statue brought trouble not only to Sabrina and her friends but also to the Warner Bros. studio that created the show.  

The Satanic Temple filed a lawsuit against Warner Bros. and Netflix, claiming copyright violation of its goat-headed statue, which they state appears in "Sabrina." The temple claims that "Sabrina" not only copied its concept of the deity, a muscular figure with two young kids staring up at it, but also that the show gives the Temple and its statue a bad rap. They assessed their damage at $50 million!

But Baphomet, the goat-headed hermaphroditic deity, was not invented by the Satanic Temple. It was depicted by an occultist, Eliphas Levi, in a mid-19th century drawing. The Temple said that Sabrina's statue has unique details that only their statue has, which cost them $100.000.

For what it's worth, the news about the lawsuit appeared about a year ago - right after season 1 aired,  and we still haven't heard anything about Warner Bros. paying the church Perhaps, Zelda's destruction of this statue in season 3 is also a reference to this story?

3. The Wizard of Oz

There was a reason for Ms. Wardwell's reading of The Divine Comedy! Sabrina and her friends' journey to hell was something between a trip around the Land of Oz, and Dante's dark descent to the underworld.

The first episode has so many references that sometimes they are superimposed. Dorian Gray from Oscar Wilde's famous novel asks Sabrina to bring him the Flower of Evil, which was so well described in the poems by Charles Baudelaire.

After a spell that directly quotes Dante’s version of the inscription on the gates of hell – “Abandon all hope, ye who enter here” – Sabrina, Harvey, Roz and Theo arrive in hell on the “Shore of Sorrow” which sounds very similar to the way Dante arrives in hell himself, on the shores of the river Acheron.

Then things get extra Oz-y… instead of a yellow brick road to the Emerald City, Sabrina and friends must follow a stream of blood that flows to Pandemonium, hell's demonic capital. Pandemonium, like many other demons that Sabrina meets (Beelzebub most notably), is not from Dante, but from Milton. The poet John Milton described them in his epic poem Paradise Lost in the middle of the 17th century.

The poem concentrates on two plotlines, Lucifer on one side, and Adam and Eve on the other. There is another place in the show, where the showrunners basically layer the artworks one onto another, creating their own scary world. Former Madam Satan does her best version of the Wicked Witch of the West. Her minion is dressed like a flying monkey and Sabrina’s boyfriend Nick, with Lucifer inside him, is her Toto.

4. My name is Nessie

Of course, the Loch Ness monster exists in Sabrina's world! Did you have any doubts? Because we never did! Although we never saw Nessie, the beast from the sea looks more like a creature from an old episode of Dr. Who than a beast from Sabrina's world.

The appearance of this mythological creature does not seem very significant but just remember that Nessie's egg played a vital role in season 3 more than twice!  Despite the fact that we don't know much about the abilities of the Loch Ness monster, it is clear that it can manipulate time, as it's been living in the lake all this time.  We aren't sure of the exact qualities of the egg that father Blackwood got, so we just have to wait until season 4!

5. The Gorgon Medusa

The whole season 3 twirls around the battle of weakened witches and pagans. A few characters are shown as the leaders of the pagans, and one of them is the mysterious woman Nagaina, who's got Medusa's abilities. The woman's name was not chosen by random. Nagaina refers us to Rudyard Kipling's story, Rikki-Tikki-Tavi, in which this name belongs to black cobra, one of the main antagonists in history. 

However, in pop-culture, this name is known thanks to another story. You know which one we’re talking about, right? Of course, we're talking about the book series and its films - Harry Potter in which the young wizard faces Lord Voldemort who his followers call the Dark Lord (another coincidence, isn't it?)  Voldemort's companion is his loyal snake Nagini, whose name is slightly different from the one Kipling used, but is still a reference to it. 

Nagini from Harry Potter at some point was also a person who could turn into a snake, but then she was cursed and lost her human form. All these three female characters are connected with snakes, and the Gorgon Medusa had snakes on her head!

6. Who is Caliban?

Looks like with every part Sabrina's admirers just become angrier and angrier. In part 1, the half-witch dates a human named Harvey and leads a completely human lifestyle, while in part 2 she's a witch dating the charming wizard Nick.

In part 3, Sabrina is the queen of hell, and she's got a hell of an admirer, Caliban, the prince of hell. So who is he? The name of the prince of hell is a reference to another classic, William Shakespeare and his famous play The Tempest. In the play, Caliban is a half-human half-monster born by a witch and enslaved by the sage Prospero after he tries to dishonor his daughter, Miranda. He is a rude and angry savage who stood up against his master, rebelling against social inequality.

First of all, Caliban is an image of a person living in a wonderful world who is unable to enjoy it to the fullest due to his own foolishness. It's no surprise that Sabrina's showrunners gave the Prince of hell this name. Do you remember what Caliban did almost immediately after taking the throne? He tried to turn the human world into the 10th circle of hell.

Despite the fact that he was skillfully and beautifully made out of clay inside he is a real fugly, just like Caliban from Shakespeare's play. What's interesting is that according to many legends, the first people appeared thanks to the God creating them out of clay.

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